The following come into effect for Senior Championships and Games (Jumping)
from 1/1/2007 and for all other international Jumping events from 1/1/2009.
1. REQUIREMENTS FOR DISPLAY IN JUDGE’S BOX AND ON SCOREBOARDS
The following must be visible in the Judge’s box:
• The 45 second countdown (if it reaches zero, the running time starts).
• The net time (net time is the difference between the competitor’s start time
and the competitor’s finish time).
• The time allowed.
• Time penalties for exceeding the time allowed.
• Time correction (6 seconds for obstacle demolished following a refusal).
The 6 second penalty is to be added immediately to the time when the
clock is restarted and the rider resumes his round.
• Faults incurred on obstacles (Table A).
• Faults converted into seconds and added immediately to the net time
• The total time.
The following minimum data must be displayed on the scoreboard:
For CSI1*, CSI2*, CSIO1*, CSIO2* & CSIO 3*: numeric display min. 9
• 45 second countdown
• Net time
• Running number of horse
For CSI3*: alphanumeric display minimum 20 digits
• All of the above, plus:
• Name of horse
• Name of rider
For CSI4* and CSI5*: alphanumeric display minimum 20 digits
• All of the above, plus:
• Current ranking
• Score and time to beat
• Possibility to display the current top five placing
For CSIO4*/CSIO5*/Games/Championships: alphanumeric display min.
• All of the above, plus specific requirements for Nations Cup
• Names and scores of entire teams
• Clear indication of which score is to be dropped for 1st and 2nd rounds
• When a rider enters the ring, the results of the other team members are to
be displayed. It is optional to display the result of each team.
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 2
When a two round competition:
• Round 2: Display of Penalties occurred in the 1st round
• Round 2: Time 1st round if this is the time for placing
• Round 2: Total time (time 1st and 2nd round) if this is the time for
• Round 2: Total penalties from both rounds.
Type of System Authorised
• The connection of the timer to the photocells can be wireless. The timer is
connected to the downstream processing system by wire.
• For Games and Championships and other events it is optional to have
photocells be connected by wire to a synchronised time-of-day timer.
• For CSI 4* and CSIO 4* events and of a higher category a split-timing
system is obligatory.
2. GUIDELINES FOR OCS
An FEI “Timing Manual”, a specific information bulletin issued from time to time
as a supplement to the FEI rules on timing, will include set-up diagrams and all
details on timing that might not be fully described in the rules due to the intense
technical nature of the descriptions.
2.1 Technical Installations: Communications & Cabling
In all competitions, it is highly recommended that there be multiple hard-wire
connections between the start and finish photocells and the timing systems.
2.2 Timing Equipment
For all events in the FEI Calendar, electronic timers, photocells and wireless
transmission systems homologated by the FEI must be used. A list of these
approved devices will be published. Events using timing equipment other than
those on the homologated FEI list will not be considered for FEI evaluation.
Specifications and procedures for timing are more fully described in a separate
FEI Timing Booklet.
2.2.1 Electronic Timing
For Olympic Games, and World Championships, two synchronised
electronically isolated timing systems operating in time-of-day must
be used. One system will be designated system A (main system),
the other system B (back up system) prior to the beginning of the
event. The photocells for the respective systems at the start and
finish must be arrayed identically and be placed as close together as
physically possible, and in any case no more than 0,5 m apart.
All time of day times must be immediately and automatically
sequentially recorded on printed strips to at least the 1/1000th
(0.001) precision on dedicated directly attached or integrated
printers. Both systems must furnish time data to allow for the
calculation of net times by the mathematical comparison of each
competitor’s start time to finish time. The recorded times are
truncated to 1/100th second after calculation of the run time. The
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 3
final result for each rider’s round is expressed to 1/100th (0.01)
All times used for the final result must be from system A. If there is
a failure of system A, a calculated net time from system B must be
used following the same procedure as set out above. It is not
permitted to substitute time-of-day times from system B for use with
system A for the purpose of net time calculations.
For all events, system A must be connected to its respective A
photocell contact. System B must be separately connected to
another electronically isolated B photocell contact.
Refer to the FEI Timing Booklet for more details regarding cabling
and complete wiring descriptions, diagrams and start and finish line
All timing equipment and technical installation should be set up or
protected in such a way that danger to the competitors is avoided
Synchronization of the timing systems must occur within 60 minutes
prior to the commencement of each event.
Synchronization of all systems must be maintained every day
throughout each event. Timers may not be resynchronized during
Timers may be resynchronized between competitions.
For all other Games and Championships the same systems approach
is highly recommended.
For Olympic Games and World Championships there must be two
photocell system(s) homologated by the FEI, installed at the start
and finish line. At each location, one is connected to system A. The
other is connected to system B. Procedures and regulations for
photocells and wireless impulse transmission systems are found in
the FEI Timing Booklet.
2.2.2 Hand Timing
Manual (hand) timing, completely separate and independent of the
electronic timing, must be used for all competitions listed in the FEI
Calendar. Stopwatches or hand operated battery powered timers
that are installed at both the start and the finish and capable of
expressing times to at least 1/100th (0.01) precision qualify as
proper hand timing devices. They must be synchronized prior to the
start of each event, preferably with the same time-of-day as system
A and system B. Printed records, either automatic or hand-written,
of recorded hand times must be immediately available at the start
and at the finish. Net times on course are derived from the
mathematical comparison of start and finish times. The above
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 4
paragraph will be added to the Memorandum for International
2.2.3 Presentation of times
Organizers shall provide appropriate facilities for continuous
presentation of all registered times of all competitors.
2.2.4 Timing without Cable for all FEI events.
Refer to the FEI Timing Booklet for a detailed discussion of how this
is possible using homologated wireless impulse radio or data
transmission or Time-of- Day comparison techniques.
2.3.1 Timing at the sensors
With electronic timing, the time is taken when a horse crosses the
start or finish line and triggers the beam between the photocells.
Time has to be taken on the breast of the horse. If the rider pushes
the horse’s head first there will be no correction. With hand timing
the time will be taken as above. The height of the sensors must be
identical at the start and finish lines.
If a time base is used in conjunction with the photocell, either
integrated or separate, then it must be set in time of day and be
synchronised with the main timer before the start of each
2.3.2 Timing Failure Protocol
In the case of a failure of the main electronic timing system (system
A), the results of the electronic back-up system (system B) will be
valid as per art. 2.2.1. For Olympic Games and World
Championships synchronized electronic timing systems with printers,
directly connected to the start and finish photocells is obligatory. In
case of a failure in the lines of the timing system between start and
finish, this back-up system will allow the correct calculation of the
times to 1/100ths of a second. In the case that calculated net times
from either system A or system B are not available for a competitor,
the calculated net manual time as per art. 18.104.22.168 will be considered
22.214.171.124 Hand Timing Corrections
Utilization of times taken by hand times may be used in the
official results after a correction has been calculated.
Calculation of the correction:
Calculate the difference between the times taken by hand and the
electronic times of the 5 competitors starting before the missing
time and the 5 starting after or if necessary the 10 nearest
competitors. The sum of the 10 time difference is divided by 10
to give the correction which must be applied to the hand time of
the competitor without an electronic time.
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 5
2.3.3 Print-out of time
The official timing strips from the printer will be given to the Foreign
Judge for review. They will be kept by the Event Organizer until the
official approval of the event or resolution of any appeal dealing with
timing or event results. At events where a complete back up system
is required this also applies.
A technical timing report form as prescribed by the FEI must
accompany the event results and must be reviewed and signed by
the FJ as his approval of the event. All printed records from system
A, system B and hand timing must be retained by the OC for a
period of three months after the competition or until resolution of
any appeal dealing with timing or event results.
2.3.4 Time correction
When the official printing timer allows manual input or correction of
a time, some type of indication (star, asterisk or other) concerning
any effected change must be printed on all relevant timing
3. CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL OF TIMING SYSTEMS
3.1.1 The timer must have an internal (integrated) or directly
attached external printer. The start and finish times in time of day
must be printed directly and immediately through the timer’s printer
and stored in the timer’s memory. It must be possible to download
or reprint this data at a later stage. Printing only through a computer
is not allowed.
3.1.2 The timer must be able to operate in Time-of-Day. The output
of the time must always have the same precision (e.g. printer,
3.1.3 This printer must print at least in a chronological order the
time of day.
3.1.4 For each printed time of day there must be an indication of the
timing channel (start/finish/Judge button).
3.1.5 If it is possible to correct the time in the timer, the printer
must mark such a corrected time with a special character (asterisk)
indicating that manual intervention has been applied by the
3.1.6 The timer must work without power supply from the mains for
at least four hours at 0°C. It is compulsory to have a back-up
generator (or batteries) at Games and Championships.
3.1.7 The timer and printer must work at ambient temperatures
from 0° to 60°C.
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 6
3.1.8 The time of day mode must be possible in hours, minutes,
seconds and 1/1000th second, or better.
3.1.9 The timer must measure up to the 1/1000th second in time of
3.1.10 Timer accuracy must be below +/- 10 PPM at a device
temperature from 0° to 60°C.
3.1.11 The aging of the quartz must be below +/- 3.0 PPM per year.
3.1.12 With adjusted quartz frequency the time drift must be less
than +/- 1.0 PPM at a constant temperature of 20°C.
3.1.13 The delay of impulses as treated by each timer channel input
may not exceed 1/100th second. The delay of impulses between and
for all channels must be constant with a precision better than
The timer must have a minimum of four independent channels: a
start channel, a stop channel, a channel for multi-timing purposes
and the judge’s interference button (manual start/stop).
3.1.14 It must be possible to synchronise the main and backup
timers to the same time of day.
3.1.15 The timer must meet the standards of the IEC (International
Electronic Commission). This means the timer must function
satisfactorily in its electromagnetic environment without introducing
intolerable electromagnetic disturbances to anything in that
The technical concept of the photocell is not restricted by the FEI, although
it must be assured that the photocell cannot be influenced by external light
sources, such as the sun and its reflections, or radio systems (EMI) used in
proximity. The photocell must meet the standards for electronic devices in
the country that it is sold.
Sensing Time - The time delay from the instant the photocell is
triggered to the moment an output impulse is generated may not
exceed 0.01 sec. The time delay must be a fixed rate and equal for
all photocells in use. The precision must be better than 0.001 sec.
When a valid photocell impulse is generated there must be a
subsequent adjustable “lock-out” period that prevents the generation
of further impulses by the same horse. The impulse lock-out period
of the photocell must be adjustable from 0.01 second to 2 seconds.
3.2.2 Operating Distance
The photocell must work over a minimal distance of 20m (between
the photocell and the reflector or between the separate transmitter
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 7
and receptor). The maximum size of the reflector (if used) is 100
mm (in all directions).
3.2.3 Triggering Object
An 8 mm object moving with a speed of 10 km/h must not trigger
the photocell (measured at a distance of 2 m from lens of the
A 100 mm object moving with a speed of 60 km/h must trigger the
photocell (measured at a distance of 2 m from lens of the receiver).
3.2.4 Temperature Range: – 10° C to 60° C
3.2.5 Power Supply
If the photocell is supplied power from the timing device (within the
same cable as the impulses) it needs no external power supply. If a
battery is used as the power supply (external or internal) the
Photocell must work for four (4) hours at 0 °C.
3.2.6 Homologation of photocells
Photocells sent to the testing laboratory for homologation must be
equipped on the emitter with two outputs (banana type or other)
which when short-circuited will immediately stop emission of the
infra-red beam (directly cut the current to the LED that creates the
signal) in order to make precise tests. The aim of the test is to
measure the delay between the moment the infra-red beam is cut
and the moment the impulse is generated by the photocell receptor.
3.3 Wireless Transmission Systems
The FEI recognizes the importance of wireless impulse transmission
systems in the arenas of FEI Jumping events and encourages their use
to facilitate the ease of set-up and functionality of modern jumping. It
should be noted however that any wireless system is more prone to
failure than a hardwired connection from the timer to the photocells.
The wireless radio device must meet the standards for electronic
devices in the country that it is sold.
The timekeepers must verify before the start of the event that the
wireless transmission is not disturbed by any other radio waves from
radios, TVs, wireless devices, remote controls etc used in proximity.
Sensing Time - The time delay from the instant the radio device is
triggered to the moment an output impulse is generated by the
receiver device may not exceed 1 (one) second. The time delay must
be the same for all radio channels in use within an accuracy of
0.001. The delay of impulses must be constant; the range must be
less than 0.001 second.
3.3.2 Operating Distance
The radio device must work over a minimal distance of 200m in open
Requirements for Timing Equipment and Scoreboard page 8
3.3.3Temperature Range: -10 to 60 °C
3.3.4 Power Supply:
Must work for four (4) hours at 0 °C
3.4 Downstream Processing System
3.4.1 Correction of the time must be possible
3.4.2 The truncation to 1/100th second must be made after the
calculation of the run time. The digits of the run time after the
1/100th second are discarded.
3.4.3 Minutes are to be converted into seconds before the total time
3.4.4 The type of competition (Table A or C) is to be programmed
into the system.
3.4.5 For Table C competitions, faults are to be converted into
seconds and added to the running time. The time limit (2 minutes
for courses less than 600m; 3 min for courses more than 600m) is to
be programmed into the system.
3.4.6 For Table A competitions, the program needs to calculate
penalties for faults and for exceeding the time allowed.
3.4.7 The time correction of four seconds for rebuilding an obstacle
must be added to the running time as soon as the clock is restarted.
3.4.8 The program needs to allow for the introduction of special
1 January 2007